20 May Why do my nails have ridges on surface?
What Causes Ridges on My Nails and Toenails?
Healthy toenails and fingernails have a smooth surface, consistent coloring, and natural shine. If your nails have long ridges, you may be disturbed by the way they look and feel. What causes nail ridges, and what can you do about them?
Two Types of Nail Ridges
What type of ridges are on your nails?
These are the most common type of ridge. They usually happen as you age, but they can also be related to nail trauma or dry skin. In some cases, they might indicate an underlying medical condition or a nutrition deficiency.
Vertical ridges are not a cause for serious concern. If you notice ridges in addition to symptoms like texture changes, shape changes, discoloration, or chronic peeling, you should contact a podiatrist.
Sometimes called Beau’s lines, horizontal ridges are usually signs of a serious medical condition. You can track the progress of the disease by measuring the distance from Beau’s line to the nail bed.
These lines get their name from the French doctor Joseph Honoré Simon Beau, who discovered their link to illness in 1846.
Beau’s lines can occur when you have a condition that affects the whole body. These systemic illnesses are strong enough to slow or stop the growth of your nail beds. They include:
- Hypertensive kidney disease.
- Heart disease.
- Respiratory illness.
- Severe infections including pneumonia, mumps, and measles.
- Uncontrolled diabetes.
What Can You Do About Beau’s Lines?
If you’re seeing Beau’s lines on your fingers and toes, you’re probably already undergoing treatment for the underlying medical condition. The lines will remain until the medical condition is under control.
How to Remove Vertical Ridges: Five Steps
Vertical ridges may not be dangerous, but they’re unsightly. They’re especially annoying if you enjoy wearing colored nail polish on your toes and fingers. Here’s a simple five-step approach to removing them from your fingernails and toenails.
1. File them away. File the ridges away, but don’t use a regular file to do this. Use a soft polisher specially designed to be safe for nail surfaces. This is much softer than a file. You can buy these polishers at a nail salon or beauty supply store. Use it whenever your nails start to show ridges.
2. Use a ridge filling base coat. Before you apply colored nail polish, use this special type of base coat. It places a thick, smooth layer on your nails to make polish go on smoothly. You can buy this polish in most beauty supply stores and drugstores.
If you don’t use colored nail polish, skip this step. You can apply a coat of clear polish or use a nail buffer to give your nails a healthy, natural glow.
3. Moisturize your nails. Prevent ridges by moisturizing your nails. Cuticle oil is excellent for keeping nails soft. You can use almond oil, coconut oil, shea butter, or jojoba oil. Apply it to your nails at least once a day.
4. Stay hydrated. Dryness can lead to ridged, cracking nails.
5. Try supplements. Increase your intake of ingredients that promote hair and nail health. There’s some evidence that increasing your intake of biotin or Omega-3 fatty acids can help.
Get Healthy Nails at Shuman Podiatry
If you’re concerned about the looks or health of your toenails, contact Shuman Podiatry. We boast the latest diagnostic techniques and treatment methods in a comfortable, welcoming clinic. We’ll keep your toenails smooth, strong, and free of ridges.